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        ҳƱѧУƱѡׯɼָMACDɽƱ鼮ƱƵվ

        ν > Ʊ鼮 > ԭӰ >

        ɡδµĽ(3)

        оIBG,YBGIll be gone,youll be gone,仰ֱ׵Ϊһ,Ҳо̸ǵһ,α棿ΪҶ뿪г,˶ԽԴЭʱDzʲô,콻׵ʱõ,Ҷ,¼˭Ҳǻ͵Ļ

        1968,ӢĹ(Garrett Hardin)ڡThe tragedy of the commonsһˡر硱ģģ˵,Ϊ,ÿ߶ϣԼڹݵ,ÿһֻֽһǻһֻǼزݵصĸ,пʹݵعȷ˼,߾˲ݵصijȺֻӶͼҲ׷׼һȺĽ벻,ʹ,ݵ״Ѹٶ,

        Ҳ,Ϊɶڶ,ر硱,ڶĹɶͨĹ˾ṹ¶ԽҵķռȻȱλ,,ֵĺܶҵǵijЩҵһ,û˻Թ˾͹˾ҵֲʵһɵϷ,CEOֻԼڵҵ,һ,õѵĽȨһCEOʰͲ,֮,Ĺܺˮ족,·ʮ塱ÿ춼ڻִ,ǻֵʵ,ҲǻĹ˾ṹȻ˾ȻڻƷȥ,Ĵº̲˼ҵ,˵ʾǶIJ,ׯΪҪڶĴȥϷ,ֻܰδIJΪIJIJƷ,ǻĻɵ,Ҳǽڲܹʣĵͱ

        ˵,νĴºĻνDZν̵ԭ֮һֵĻ

        ҵĹȷչҲDZνԭ,80ʼ,ҵϸǶǹҵĶ,תΪ⾭֪ʶȨڴ¾ȡ˵,Ҳɴ˿ʼ˽ҵܹʣĽ1987ĹʵϸڴµµIJܹʣ˾,ʱ׶ϴծȯĽڹ߱Ҳǽڲܹʣĵͱ,,ûо2000,˹гϻ˾ķ,ӭ˻Ķ,ǽʱԲҵ־ʽԻҵIJܹʣ˾,Ĺ´ҶǶ,˾Ա,ַͨʽͷŹȻηչĻ,εĽʵҲƵĽճ˹ı粻ǽڲܹʣͷʽ,ͬ,йϷյЩҵҵʣIJͷŷʽ

        6?ѡ

        νһƶϵԭҲνġѡһ,ԪĹʻҵλֻdzֲ,ԪʽԪһ,Ϊ,ֶԳԪ,Ԫֵȶ,ӶܳԪѡָξ,Dz׶ɭϵضĸԴ,ƶ,ԪĽڿʼ;ԪƲνԭ,ҲϿ֪,ɭ֪,˵,Ϊܶ鲻˵,ڽг,ŵЧӦĻ˵ĴݿƲ,ʵע˵,ǹʱٶȺ͹ó׽ӿһ̶

        һƪ

        һƪ





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